Сайт о профилактике и лечении нейродермита-The site is about prevention and treatment of neurodermatitis

Нейродермит – Neurodermatitis

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THE COMPOSITION OF THE SKIN

Posted by admin on March 20, 2011 in Skin Care with No Comments


Our skin, which is the largest organ in the body, is our presentation to the world. It also keeps us at a comfortable temperature and is our first line of defense against environmental injury.That we value the attractiveness of our skin is proven by the billions of dollars we spend on skin cosmetics. If our skin is diseased or has abnormalities (even minor ones), this can cause considerable anxiety and depression as self-esteem and self-confidence are closely linked to the way we see ourselves.The skin is composed of two major layers. The outer layer, the epidermis, is mainly responsible for protection. The inner layer, the dermis, forms the structural foundation and gives the skin its mechanical strength and elasticity. These two layers lie on top of a fat layer which provides a soft, cushioning contour to the body.
The epidermisAn injured or diseased epidermis can cause greater than normal water evaporation, producing cracking and dryness. This enables foreign chemicals and/or infection to penetrate the skin, leading to deeper damage. The epidermis is a self-sufficient, self-regulating structure. New cells are made every twenty-eight days and old cells are gradually removed from the surface. If the epidermis is injured or diseased, however, cells are made more quickly.Within the epidermis are pigment cells. These produce melanin, a dark brown to black pigment that is spread throughout the dermis. Melanin absorbs ultraviolet light, thus protecting the skin from the sun’s damaging effects. People with more pigment, such as Aborigines and Asians, are therefore better protected from sunlight.Immune cells called Langerhan’s cells are also found in the epidermis. These cells migrate through the skin, behaving as a warning device. They alert the immune system to the presence of foreign bodies which should be removed. If the immune cells are overexposed to ultraviolet light, they become paralyzed and so are less able to protect the skin.
The dermisThe strength and elasticity of the dermis allow the skin to stretch with movement and growth. A good example of this occurs during pregnancy, when the skin expands to accommodate the growing foetus, then contracts after delivery with little damage to the skin. This is a remarkable feat of nature which we take for granted. If growth is very rapid, however, the fibres that form the dermis can break, producing what we aptly call ‘stretch marks’. The dermis also loses its strength and elasticity if exposed to ultraviolet light over a long time. This leads to sagging, wrinkling and fragile skin, which is so obvious in prematurely aged skin.
*1/150/5*

THE STRUCTURE OF THE SKIN

Posted by admin on February 25, 2011 in Women's Health with No Comments


It is generally estimated that the skin of the ordinary adult would cover about nineteen or twenty square feet. It is about one-eighth of an inch thick, and consists of a framework of white and yellow elastic fibres which is very richly supplied with nerves, glands and blood vessels. We speak of the skin as being of two layers: the outer, or epidermis; and the layer beneath, the dermis.The outer layer is the really protective layer, and it is thicker in the parts where protection is most needed, as on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It consists of layers of cells which are cemented together and ideally arranged for the function of protecting the inner parts. The lower of these cells include those that carry the pigment, and that are affected by contact with light and sun.The dermis, or under layer, is very tough and elastic, and among its other functions it too is designed to give protection. Like the epidermis, it varies in thickness in the different parts of the body, being thicker in the parts where there is likely to be greater use and pressure, such as the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. It is in this layer that we find the nerves and the blood and lymph vessels, together with the sweat and sebaceous glands and certain highly specialized cells.The hair and the nails are, of course, the appendages of the skin, the latter being formed by a special arrangement of the outer layer; the hair also is composed of the same kinds of cells as are found in the epidermis, and these serve their protective functions.The foregoing is, of course, a very much simplified outline of the structure of the skin. Anatomically speaking, the skin is a complicated structure, and a special study of it provides endless interest and entails much research. But all that we are concerned with at this point is to emphasize the main structures which we know are involved in the ordinary course and which may be easily understood by the layman.
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FUNCTIONS OF SKIN’S NERVES

Posted by admin on February 25, 2011 in Herbal with No Comments


The skin is supplied with a great variety of nerves which keep us in constant contact with our environment. These nerves are so extensive that we know we cannot find a place with the point of a needle where the nerve endings are not on guard. If the rest of the body were destroyed, leaving only the nerves, we should still have a complete outline of the body.The nervous system is generally regarded as the master system of the body. Apart from the sensory functions of the skin, such as touch, pressure, and so on, the nerve force remains the vital power behind all the other processes, secretion and excretion, and the control of the blood and the lymph circulations.We should remember in this connection that failure of elimination is one of the first steps in the making of disease, and that a lack of nerve energy is often the crucial factor. Failure to eliminate the waste products of cell activity means that these products have to be retained within the tissues, and then we have the condition which Nature Cure adherents term toxemia. This is the condition out of which the various forms of disease arise, and when we try to get back to causative factors we shall find that unwise habits of living have robbed the nervous system of its efficiency and that the eliminating functions of the whole body are working below par. This is the train of thought we have to keep in mind when we try to interpret disease from the Nature Cure viewpoint; and, holding to the theory of the unity of disease, we do not think of skin complaints as essentially different from any other form.
*9/154/5*

ABSCESSES

Posted by admin on January 20, 2011 in Cancer with No Comments


An abscess can be an extremely uncomfortable and painful affliction. An abscess is often an accumulation of internal and external material and a sure sign that the patient has a high level of toxicity. Usually the lymphatic system collects and disposes of most of the waste material, but sometimes it may not be able to cope with excessive demands. When this happens some of this waste material may seek its own way of escape. Unfortunately, quite often any excess is the result of an unbalanced or unsuitable diet, although it can also be due to specific poisonous material, or smoking or drinking too much. This invasive material is gathered in the lymph glands and if these glands cannot cope with its disposal or discharge, it will accumulate into an abscess that may appear at random anywhere on the surface of the body.
If an abscess is a recurring chronic condition, everything must be done to eliminate the toxic waste from the body. Lancing or operating on the abscess will bring relief, but the cause will not be removed, and there should be an investigation into why toxicity stretches the lymphatic system beyond its limits. External treatment does not eliminate the underlying toxins and it is only by treating the cause of the problem that the patient can be certain this will not be a regular recurrence.
A patient who once came to see me, admitted that she had reached the point of despair as she continuously suffered from abscesses under the arms. She had even consented to have some of her lymph glands removed in the hope that this would stop the formation of abscesses, but it was all to no avail. External abscesses are hard to deal with, but it is even more difficult to correctly diagnose internal abscesses, and these can occur on any of the vital organs, such as the lungs or the liver. Again, this is certain proof of a highly toxic system.
I apologise if I appear to be repeating myself, but it is possible to rid the body of such toxins, if only we start with the basics, namely good dietary management. The lady in question had all along refused to accept this fact and determinedly continued to smoke. Her diet also contained far too much sugar and in the end, when even the surgical operation proved non-effective, she was sufficiently desperate to find a cure that she eventually agreed to reduce her smoking and consider a change in her diet.
She cut back her smoking drastically and agreed to certain dietary changes that I suggested, some of them being to avoid spices and junk food. Moreover, to improve her bowel movements, which used to cause her considerable problems, I suggested some colonic irrigation. Her lymph glands were swollen and the lymphatic system needed urgent attention. I am pleased to say that eventually 1 was visited by a very grateful patient, who looked years younger than when I first met her, and to her delight she had not had another abscess since. I told her that she had achieved this herself.
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SKIN IN CHILDHOOD: MOLES

Posted by admin on January 20, 2011 in Weight Loss with No Comments


A mole is a collection of pigment cells forming a growth on the skin. The tendency to form moles is inherited, although in many cases sun exposure contributes to their appearance. They usually begin in childhood, increase in number and size at puberty and remain throughout life.With the increased publicity about skin cancer, diligent checking of moles has become accepted as a method of early melanoma detection. However, it can be difficult for the average person to distinguish between a suspicious and an innocent mole.Most moles are quite innocent, and do not have a tendency to develop into melanoma. Generally speaking, raised moles which are uniform in colour and outline are not serious, even if they enlarge. Moles which rub on clothing are not more likely to develop into melanoma and neither are those which become suddenly itchy. However, individuals with a large number of moles have an increased risk of developing melanoma, which will often appear as new moles.Any two-tone freckle should be regarded suspiciously and preferably be removed. Melanoma begins as a flat, irregular mole or freckle with two colours, usually brown and black, spreading within the mole. It is only in the late stages that melanoma becomes raised, itchy and bleeds. In the early stages melanoma carries an excellent prognosis irrespective of treatment.Wholesale removal of moles is a fruitless exercise, as it does not diminish the risk of melanoma. Only suspicious moles should be removed and these include:- Any two-tone, irregular freckle (that is, a flat lesion with two colour pigments – brown-black, brown-red);- Any mole which has recently changed colour or outline;- Dark, hairy moles.Although the tendency towards skin cancer is due to excessive sun exposure in early childhood, the development of melanoma in children is rare. It may occur in children with dark brown, hairy moles and is more likely to develop in children with dysplastic naevi. Dysplastic naevi are large, irregular, two-tone moles, which are often inherited. People with these moles have a high risk of melanoma and need to be checked regularly by a doctor.
Some common misconceptions about molesThere is a common belief that removal of an innocent mole can somehow cause a malignant change. This is not the case and many harmless moles can be safely removed for cosmetic reasons. Removal of a mole, however, does not mean a melanoma won’t develop elsewhere on your body. Other people believe that having all their moles removed will reduce their chances of developing melanoma. People who have many moles are more likely to develop a melanoma but removing innocent moles is of no advantage as melanoma can arise elsewhere.Many people incorrectly fear that pulling hairs out of a mole will cause a melanoma. It is perfectly safe to remove hairs from a mole.
Dark, hairy molesDark, hairy moles are due to an accumulation of pigment cells which occurs during foetal life. Apart from their unsightly appearance, they have a higher risk of developing malignant melanoma. Where possible these moles should be removed but if they are large this can be difficult. Some can be removed using surgical tissue expanders. These enlarge the surrounding skin, so that when the mole is removed the skin can be pulled back over the depression. This is best done in childhood. Moles which cannot be removed must be watched carefully for any abnormal changes, as melanoma can occur in childhood.
*14/150/5*

(Русский) ПРИЧИНЫ ВОЗНИКНОВЕНИЯ

Posted by admin on January 20, 2011 in Anti Depressants-Sleeping Aid with No Comments


(Русский) Психосоматические предпосылки нейродермита.

Posted by admin on January 20, 2011 in Men's Health-Erectile Dysfunction with No Comments


(Русский) ЭПИДЕМИОЛОГИЯ НЕЙРОДЕРМИТА

Posted by admin on January 19, 2011 in Allergies with No Comments


(Русский) ЭФФЕКТИВНЫЕ МЕТОДЫ ЛЕЧЕНИЯ

Posted by admin on January 19, 2011 in General health with No Comments


PRIVATE SECTOR FOR HEALTH CARE

Posted by admin on September 21, 2010 in General health with No Comments


Most homes have some rules and regulations and these must be thoroughly checked before entry. The use of some of the client’s furniture and possessions is very important, as is visiting, overnight stay facilities and the type of room available. Arrangements for medical cover need to be verified and, most importantly, the rules concerning a change in health, mobility, mental state, etc. Nothing can beat visiting a home, preferably with the elderly person concerned and getting an impression for one’s self – clean rooms and communal areas with a happy atmosphere and a relaxed feel to staff and clients is what to look for.
If the home specializes in the care of the mentally frail, are there sufficient staff (some specially trained) and features such as reality orientation and reminiscence groups? Does the local psychogeriatrician take an interest in the home? What would happen if the client’s mental state worsened? Finally, a key test, are the toilets and bathrooms clean and in sufficient numbers?
Nursing homes specifically cater for those people with medical/ nursing needs and very few cater for the mentally confused with these problems. Nursing homes are more expensive to run and hence their charges are higher. Most nursing homes accept that as a patient worsens they will stay in the home, but some have cut-off levels of dependency and will then ask for the person to be removed. This area must be thoroughly explored before entry. A deteriorating mental state may be the cause for expulsion. Some unscrupulous homes will send patients to the local casualty department with an illness and then refuse to have them back. This means that a person may be admitted to a hospital far away from the area they originally lived in, creating problems for all concerned.
Many private rest and nursing homes now provide respite or holiday relief beds at a special weekly rate, although, like the State sector, this form of care is much sought after and tends to get booked up early. For some people it is a useful way of assessing the home for a later, more permanent stay.
It may appear that the private sector is too much of a minefield to be looked at usefully. This is obviously not the case, by virtue of the vast numbers of people entering it daily. Within the private sector there are homes that put the health and social service equivalents to shame, and the sector as a whole does offer people a choice as to the type of accommodation they would like. Or does it? The government has chosen to put vast sums of money into private hands, rather than use the same money to improve the state sector’s equivalent accommodation for this client group. At the same time there has been a decrease (in relative terms) of money available to both health and social services to spend on their long-stay accommodation, resulting in bed closures and difficulty getting staff.
*66/128/5*

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HOW TO SURVIVE YOUR DOCTOR: GENITAL WARTS AND GIARDIA

Posted by admin on September 21, 2010 in General health with No Comments


Genital Warts
The Human Papilloma Virus causes genital warts. In turn the warts are associated with cancer of the cervix in women and cancer of the penis in men. Doctors have no reliable means of eradicating Human Papilloma Virus warts. This is not to say that they don’t cut, slash, freeze or burn genital warts whenever the opportunity arises. They certainly do. But all of this activity could be a waste of time. Like all other wart viruses the Human Papilloma Virus disappears when the body develops an immunity to them. At best medical intervention stimulates the immune system. Women who have had their external genitalia surgically excised in the course of a surgical response to the Human Papilloma Virus have a justifiable cause for complaint.
Home Remedies
A mirror, Wart Kill and a tooth pick allow the chemical cauterization of any visible external genital warts. Women with warts on the internal genitalia are at the mercy of their gynecologists. Prevention means condoms, condoms and more condoms. At last report 90 per cent of sexually active males in the United States harbour the Human Papilloma Virus. The figure is likely to be much the same in Australia.
Giardia
Intermittent, loose, green bowel motions with offensive flatulence in children or adults are signs of Giardia infection. Giardia is single celled parasites with long active tails. They inhabit the large and small bowel after the ingestion of cysts, which can be transmitted hand to mouth or from the soil. Giardia is particularly hard to clear from the gut; but usually respond to one or more courses of Flagyl or Fasigyn.
Home Remedies
Giardia is another sound reason for keeping little children out of the dirt and away from friends whose parents don’t pay attention to their children’s hygiene. The diagnosis of Giardia is made when laboratory scientists identify cysts in a faeces sample. Giardia frequently recurs, any reappearance of malabsorption or flatulence is a good excuse to donate another sample for examination of ova, cysts and parasites.
*65/131/5*

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COMMON INFECTIONS OF CHILDHOOD: COLDS (UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS): TREATMENT

Posted by admin on May 21, 2009 in General health with No Comments


There is no cure for the common cold. There is no specific treatment that will make the cold go away more quickly. You can help to relieve the child’s symptoms in a number of ways. Paracetamol in appropriate doses can be given if fever is present. (Do not give children aspirin — it can have potentially serious side effects. Lozenges (the cheapest one from the milk bar is just as good as the very expensive ones from the chemist) or warm drinks will ease a sore throat and dry mouth. Nasal drops or spray will ease a blocked nose. Decongestants are sometimes useful, but you must be aware of side effects such as rapid heart rate, jitteriness and insomnia. You should always consult your doctor before using them.

It is a good idea for the child to take things easy, though he does not need to stay in bed. Let your child decide how much activity he wishes to engage in. Although it is likely that he will not be hungry, make sure that he drinks lots of fluids. His appetite will return as he starts to feel better.

There are a number of treatments that are not necessary. Because colds are caused by viruses, antibiotics will not help, even though they are often prescribed. Not only are antibiotics (such as penicillin) unnecessary, but they can be harmful by causing stomach upsets and diarrhoea. Parents should always ask the doctor if a prescription is really necessary — all colds will get better without antibiotics, and just as quickly. Cough medicines are of no benefit — the cough is due to irritation of the trachea or to excess mucus, and cough medicine does not affect either. Similarly, there is no evidence that vitamin C is of any benefit.

*213\90\8*

PREGNANCY/EVERYDAY LIFE: AMNIOCENTESIS

Posted by admin on May 19, 2009 in General health with No Comments


The liquid which surrounds the foetus inside the womb is called amniotic fluid and because the baby drinks it and passes it out again, it is rich with foetal cells. This fluid can be used to test for certain genetic or inherited disorders in the foetus, including Down syndrome. It can also be tested in later stages of pregnancy to determine the maturity of foetal lungs, if there is a risk of premature birth.

Amniocentesis is usually done under ultrasound control. A small area on the skin of the lower abdomen is anaesthetised, and a fine needle is passed into the sac containing the amniotic fluid. A small amount of fluid is withdrawn for examination.

This test is usually performed on the understanding that if a serious abnormality is detected in the foetus, the pregnancy will be terminated. In early pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage after amniocentesis approaches 1%, but there is no risk to the mother herself, who may just feel some minimal physical discomfort. If performed later in pregnancy to assess maturity of the foetus, the risks of miscarriage is negligible. Because the incidence of congenital abnormalities increases with the age of the mother, this test is usually offered to any woman who becomes pregnant after the age of 37, whether she has had previous pregnancies or not. Check with your doctor for further details.

*46\90\8*

YOUR SUPER MARITAL HEALTH/THE TWENTY MOST OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS IN A SEX CLINIC

Posted by admin on May 18, 2009 in General health with No Comments


In an attempt to relieve some of the anxiety and misunderstandings about solving sexual problems, and to illustrate the fourth perspective that underlies super marital sex, I present the twenty most frequent questions asked by spouses in my study. The questions express the innate wisdom and courage of-all of the patients, their vulnerability, and their infinite struggle to continue the development of their love maps and grapple with the complexities of marriage.

After reading and discussing the information and tests in the first nine chapters, practice being a sex-therapy team. Answer these together as if the person asking each question had consulted you in the sex clinic you built for yourselves in Chapter Eight.

Just before you get to the list, guess what is the number-one asked question, the single most often raised concern. It’s number one on this list of twenty. The other questions are not presented in any particular order, because they were raised at about equal frequency.

1. Why does he/she want more sex than I do?

The “frequency and interest” issue tops the list. The question may be asked in a variety of ways, such as “Why does he avoid me sexually?” or “Why am I so much more interested in sex than she is?” or “Why am I always the one who has to start it off or think of it?”

2. Why won’t he/she do oral love (fellatio/cunnilingus)?

3. Why does he/she have a “fetish” (for an object or activity)?

4. Why does or doesn’t he/she get turned on to pornography?

5. Why can’t I (he) slow down my (his) ejaculation?

6. Why can’t I (she) come quicker? (And why can’t I get and stay erect or wet?)

The “sexual reflex failure” questions were asked in many forms, but all contained the same concern for the breakdown or change in a natural sexual reflex, including pain in intercourse.

7. Why can’t she (I) come in intercourse?

8. Why can’t we come together?

9. Why does he/she talk (or not talk) during sex?

10. Why won’t she let me (why does he want to) have anal sex?

11. Are you sure he/she isn’t homosexual?

12. Why is sex so much better on vacation or when we are away from home?

13. How can I have sexual enjoyment when it goes against my religious principles or upbringing?

14. Is he/she having an affair (and that is why there is a sex problem)?

15. Can I ever get over the sexual abuse I experienced?

16. Does PMS (or other menstrual issues) affect sex?

17. Isn’t that sex fantasy sick?

18. Isn’t masturbation very bad (or very good) for you?

19. Why am I not sexually attractive to my spouse (or how could I ever be as sexually attractive as she/he would like)?

20. Is this normal? (Whatever “this” is.)

Even though it will take some time, sit down and try to answer each question out loud as a couple. Discuss it first before you give your answer. Keep your answer brief, related to the fourth perspective of super marital sex if you can, and be as direct as possible, if the question is too vague (and they all really are), restate it to a form you can answer.

*237\97\8*

RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY – GENERAL INFORMATION

Posted by admin on May 18, 2009 in Cancer with No Comments


If you are considering reconstructive surgery, make sure you understand very clearly what can be achieved by it. Reconstructive surgery that surgeons are proud of is very disappointing for many patients. You are likely to be disappointed if you don’t find out beforehand exactly what sort of result you can expect, both in terms of appearance and of function. Ask to see ‘before’ and ‘after’ photos of patients who have had the proposed surgery. Remember that the appearance may be quite different when the part is being used or the position of the body is changed. For example, a reconstructed ‘lip’ that looks fine at rest may not move normally when you are talking. A reconstructed ‘breast’ that looks fine when the woman is clothed and standing up may look quite peculiar when she is naked and lying down. Ask exactly where you will be cut and how long the scars will be. For example, many patients asking about breast reconstruction are surprised to find that they will be left with a very long scar on their back. Often the normal breast is reduced in size to make it easier to match the reconstructed one. Ask about the function of the reconstructed part. For example, a reconstructed ‘breast’ and ‘nipple’ do not have the same sensitive nerve endings as a normal breast and nipple. Parts of them are likely to actually be numb or tingly. Obviously a reconstructed ‘breast’ cannot produce milk like a normal breast. Ask whether the reconstructed part will alter with time—can the tissues shrink, for example.

*252/40/1*

HYPERTENSION – UNTREATED HYPERTENSION

Posted by admin on May 15, 2009 in General health with No Comments


Untreated, it can lead to heart failure, where the heart fails in its action as a pump and the blood is no longer pushed efficiently through the lungs and kidneys. The person becomes short of breath and fluid may be retained in the tissues, leading to oedema (swelling).

High blood pressure may damage the kidneys and lead to their failure and cause secondary effects which push up the pressure even further.

Damage to the arteries from the raised pressure is widespread throughout the body and, in the eye, may lead to impaired vision from small haemorrhages or a clot or thrombosis in the retinal vessels.

Damage to the arteries supplying the brain can cause strokes. Transient ischaemic attacks (TIA) occur when there is spasm or actual blockage of small cerebral arteries. These are like minor strokes but the symptoms do not persist.

A clot in a major brain artery causes a stroke or cerebro-vascular accident (CVA). Partial recovery from the paralysis, which is the main symptom, is usual.

*440/71/1*

ALLERGIES TO FOOD – TESTING OF FOOD ALLERGIES

Posted by admin on May 15, 2009 in General health with No Comments


Cow’s milk contains about 14 different proteins, all capable of becoming allergens. Each may be broken down or digested into around 12 different substances and all of these can induce an allergy. This means there are over 100 different combinations in cow’s milk which may induce allergy in susceptible individuals.

The testing of food allergies may be difficult, as the original food may not be the problem but products from it.

Children with allergies to cow’s milk may have recurrent episodes of diarrhoea, sometimes with blood in the motions, or the allergy may result in eczema or even asthma.

If both parents have a history of allergy, there is a strong likelihood their children will be similarly affected. If the infant is to be artifically fed, a substitute for cow’s milk should be considered, at least for the first six months.

Goat’s milk is also capable of causing allergy and, unfortunately, so is soya bean. Plants contain protein, carbohydrate and oils, all of which are capable of being allergens. It is the oil of soya bean which is the main cause of allergy to this food.

*186/71/1*

ENDOMETRIOSIS: THE TRUTH ABOUT MENSTRUAL CRAMPS

Posted by admin on May 8, 2009 in Women's Health with No Comments


In most women, uterine contractions simply press the sloughed-off endometrial tissue down its usual path through the mouth of the womb (the cervix) and out of the body via the vagina. The woman prone to endometriosis, however, experiences another phenomenon: because she may have a contracted uterus or a right cervix, all the menstrual blood cannot easily How out through the vagina. Rather, some of the blood-filled endometrium is forced up through the fallopian cubes, pushes backward out of the tubes, and is sprayed into the abdominal cavity, where it may attach itself to pelvic organs, producing the condition of endometriosis. Menstrual cramps and pain—known technically as dysmenorrhea—the first symptoms of endometriosis, are the result of this retrograde menstrual bleeding.

Dr. John A. Sampson, a researcher and practitioner in Albany, New York, is responsible for naming the disease in 1927. Dr. Sampson theorized that this hacking up of endometrial tissue, which he called retrograde menstruation, was the most probable cause of endometriosis. Dr. Sampson proposed an explanation as to how the endometrial tissue is flushed out of the fallopian tubes and into the abdominal cavity; but there is still no explanation for why the endometrial tissue implants itself in these abnormal sites.

It has been proved that nearly all women will experience retrograde menstruation, but that many women will reject the tissue while others become victims of endometriosis. Their implants “suck.” Sampsons theory has yet to be disputed, although a number of other researchers have discovered immunological, hereditary, and structural connections, as well as a link between the amount of menstrual blood pushed through the tubes and the severity of the disease.

The tragedy of tins disease is that it can go undetected until it has done irreversible damage. Equally heartbreaking is a woman’s fatalistic attitude toward menstrual cramps. When endometriosis takes hold, it has a distinct way of invading every aspect of a woman’s life, and this invasion begins early on, with cramps. Most women who try to cope with monthly bouts of mild to severe and debilitating cramps will seek relief from the pain with familiar remedies: heating pads, hot water bottles, or over-the-counter painkillers like aspirin. They do not connect their cramps to any process other than menstruation.

It does not occur to them that they may have endometriosis because they do not know about it. Since they don’t know how endometriosis can incapacitate their reproductive system as well as other organs, they don’t seek medical help. But these women aren’t to blame. More than likely, they have been taught that menstrual discomfort, like contractions during childbirth, is not only natural but part of being a woman. Where seeking medical help for childbirth is understood, consulting a doctor for “just cramps” is often considered frivolous and self-indulgent.

*10\43\4*

PSYCHE AND SKIN

Posted by admin on May 8, 2009 in Skin Care with No Comments


It is important to realize that the maxim ‘A change is as good as a holiday’ is not always true. Major events and changes in life—whether pleasant or unpleasant—invariably give rise to stress. Too much stress can, as seen, lead to physical illness. To avoid unnecessary ills, therefore, it is wise to order one’s life in such a way as to ensure that changes do not occur too rapidly or drastically.

It has been shown that it is the amount of change that matters—whether welcome or unwelcome—not necessarily the nature of the change. If possible, the individual should make preparations in advance to cope with the additional stress which major changes impose. If, for example, a person plans to retire, sell his house and move interstate, it would be wise for this person to retire one year, and move interstate the next. This avoids accumulating too many changes in a short space of time.

It is also as well for doctors to be aware that patients quite rightly are going out after what they see as their own best cures, and sometimes leaving conventional medicine far behind them. It is easy for us to dismiss some of the techniques described in this chapter as esoteric entertainments of little practical value. This, however, would be an unfortunate conclusion, as so many of the techniques described have helped many patients, particularly those with skin disorders. The physician should be able to understand and guide patients to the method of treatment most suited to their particular needs.

*36\44\4*

MAIN FOOD SOURCES OF FAT: WHAT DO FATTY ACIDS LOOK LIKE?

Posted by admin on May 8, 2009 in Weight Loss with No Comments


A fatty acid molecule consists of a chain of carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached. The end of the molecule with three hydrogens (H) attached to the carbon (C) atom is called the methyl end. The other end is known as the carboxyl end. The chain has an even number of carbon atoms which stretches from four to 24 carbon atoms. If there are less than 8 carbons in the chain, the fatty acid is called a short chain fatty acid. Medium chain fatty adds have 8-10 carbons. If there are 12, 14, 16 or 18 carbons, it is called a long chain fat and these encompass most of the fatty acids in the human diet These are commonly found in chocolate, meat and processed fats. Fatty acids with more than 20 carbons are very long chain fatty acids. They’re found in breast milk, seafoods and some seeds and vegetables. Some medium chain fatty acids can be changed within the body to longer chain fatty acids.

There are saturated and unsaturated fats, cis and trans fatty acids, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids.

*90\186\4*

ENDOMETRIOSIS: COPING WITH DYSPAREUNIA

Posted by admin on May 8, 2009 in Women's Health with No Comments


So far this chapter has dealt with pain management in general. However, dyspareunia — painful intercourse — is a problem that needs to be dealt with more specifically because of the physical and emotional stresses involved. This section has been written to give you some insight into the possible ways that might help you to overcome or cope with this particular problem.

When a woman does not want her partner to know she suffers from dyspareunia she may try to ‘put up with it’ for a number of reasons. Some women may feel they would be letting their partners down while others fear that their partner may leave them for someone else. For those who try to keep dyspareunia a secret from their partner, there is the possibility that when you try to avoid intercourse because of the pain, he is going to interpret this as rejection. For a woman wanting to become pregnant, avoiding sexual intercourse because of the pain is not going to help so she may pretend that everything is normal.

Equally, there may be problems when your partner is aware of dyspareunia. He may try to avoid sex so that he does not hurt you and this in turn may leave you feeling confused — particularly if your partner does not say why he is avoiding sex.

On an emotional level, it can destroy your self image — if you let it. The combination of a chronic illness and sexual difficulties is a tough hurdle to overcome. Add to this a decrease in libido

(sometimes caused by the hormonal treatment) and the problem of infertility and you can appreciate why this condition can cause so much heartache.

Dyspareunia can also be a result of other physical problems. Hormonal treatment can result in a dry vagina because of a lack of oestrogen and it may cause thrush which should be treated by your doctor. Some women may experience vaginismus which is an involuntary painful spasm of the vaginal muscles as a result of anticipated pain.

In order to overcome dyspareunia you must communicate! Talk to your partner and share your feelings. Work together and be honest with each other. Help your partner to understand how the pain affects you. Understand that he has feelings and needs love and attention as well.

Relax and give yourselves time. Intercourse may be less painful if you take the time to become fully aroused beforehand. Deep penetration usually causes the most pain so experiment with different positions until you find one that is more comfortable.

Explore other satisfying sexual activities that do not involve penetration. Show affection to each other in different ways such as kissing, hugging, masturbation and massage.

If you are having difficulty coping with the many emotional and physical problems associated with dyspareunia do not feel too embarrassed to seek professional advice. Your gynaecologist or GP should be able to suggest appropriate sources of support.

*81\83\2*

WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF ENDOMETRIOSIS: BOWEL SYMPTOMS, BLADDER SYMPTOMS, INFERTILITY

Posted by admin on May 8, 2009 in Women's Health with No Comments


Most bowel symptoms are not due to the presence of endometriosis on the surface of the bowel itself, but rather are usually related to irritation from implants located on adjacent organs or tissues, such as in the Pouch of Douglas, or due to adhesions from these implants pulling on the bowel.

The range of bowel symptoms varies. The most common include diarrhoea and/or constipation, painful bowel movements, rectal pain, wind pain and abdominal bloating. Other less common bowel symptoms may include lower back pain, pain during rectal examinations, abdominal cramping, rectal bleeding, blood in the stools, urgency to open bowels, nausea and/or vomiting. These symptoms may be present throughout the month but are usually worse during menstruation. Exercise, sexual intercourse and vaginal examinations can also trigger these symptoms.

Research by the Endometriosis Association indicates that bowel symptoms are far more common than is generally acknowledged. In fact, 49% of women in its survey reported that they had experienced bowel pain prior to a diagnosis of endometriosis.

In the unusual cases where endometriosis is located on the bowel, the implants are usually confined to the outer layer of the bowel wall; it is uncommon for endometriosis to be found in the inner layer of the bowel wall. If implants are located on the bowel itself the symptoms experienced may include any of the symptoms mentioned above. In rare circumstances a partial obstruction of the bowel may develop as a consequence of scarring and adhesions from endometrial implants encircling and constricting the bowel.

Bladder symptoms-Implants on the bladder, or on adjacent organs, may cause a range of symptoms including bladder pain, blood in the urine, pain or burning when passing urine and urinary frequency.

Infertility-Infertility is one of the most common symptoms and is thought to affect approximately 30% to 40% of women with endometriosis.

*21\83\2*

VAGINA

Posted by admin on April 29, 2009 in General health with No Comments


This is the passage leading from the neck of the uterus, or cervix, to the exterior of the female body, the vulva. It is the passage in which sexual intercourse takes place and through which the menstrual fluid passes each month. During childbirth it forms a part of what is called the ‘birth canal’.

Vaginal health and hygiene are important. Some clear, odourless discharge from the vagina is perfectly normal and is required to keep the vaginal walls moist, clean and slightly acidic. However, when the discharge becomes discoloured and is accompanied by an unpleasant odour and/or itching, it is likely that an infection is present or that the acidity of the vagina has been altered, leading to a proliferation of a yeast fungus known as Candida albicans. This latter condition is quite common and known simply as Candida or thrush. It has a number of causes, including a diet too high in refined sugars and the taking of antibiotics. It is generally treated by increasing the acidity of the vagina to discourage the proliferation of the yeast bug. For natural remedies for Candida, see the separate entries in this book. Other more serious causes of vaginal discharge, itching or pain are venereal diseases such as gonorrhoea.

Dryness of the vagina is a problem which affects most women ocassionally and some women more often. It is a common side effect of menopause, when it results from falling hormone levels in the body. Not only can sex become uncomfortable, but the chances of developing vaginal infections increase during and following menopause. Take Vitamin E internally and apply calendula cream to both soothe and lubricate the vaginal walls. KY jelly is also useful for lubrication. Fortunately, regular sexual intercourse, possibly involving prolonged and gentler foreplay, helps to keep the vagina toned and healthy through the later years of life.

Vaginal prolapse can occur after childbirth but not necessarily immediately afterwards. It occurs when the ligaments supporting the uterus or bladder weaken or lose their tone allowing the uterus to drop down into the vagina. A lump is felt inside the vagina and pressure on the bladder and bowel is often increased. Prolapse the more easily prevented than cured. Women giving birth should do some regular form of exercise to strengthen the muscles of the

pelvic floor and disciplines such as the Alexander Technique are known to improve the posture and prevent muscle conditions such as hernias and prolapse. The widely recognised herb for strengthening the pelvic muscles is raspberry leaf, safely drunk as a tea throughout pregnancy. Poor absorption of mineral salts, particularly calcium fluoride, can cause the tissues to weaken. Take calcium fluoride as a tissue salt and increase your intake of Vitamins E and C.

Women’s vaginas vary in width and length but, generally speaking, any fears a woman has about the size of her vagina adversely affecting the sexual pleasure of either her or her partner are unfounded. Small vaginas swell when properly stimulated to accommodate almost any penis without injury and large vaginas will give as much satisfaction if muscle tone is maintained. Desired sexual positions may vary depending on your anatomy.

*69\69\2*

SHIRLEY’S STORY: ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS IN THE USE OF ST JOHN’S WORT

Posted by admin on April 29, 2009 in Anti Depressants-Sleeping Aid with No Comments


A 50-year-old American woman writes to me as follows:

I first heard about St John’s Wort as a treatment for depression when I was reading about natural remedies for menopausal symptoms. I began taking 300 mg but did not find it all that helpful. This past summer my husband suggested I up the dosage to 600 mg and that was the magic amount for the summer Now that we have turned the clocks back again [at the onset of autumn] I am taking an additional 300 mg in the afternoon, which helps.

I have been in and out of therapy since I was 25. Therapy with the right therapist(s) is helpful, but it is also expensive and time-consuming. My employer has a cap on the number of hours of therapy a person can undergo, and I am getting closer to that cap every week. I am hoping that this next calendar year is my last year of needing therapy. I was not in therapy for several long periods of my life. Often, a tragedy such as a death in the family or major surgery would send me back in.

I prefer natural herbs to drugs wherever I can. I have refused to take Prozac or Lustral. I really don’t want to rely on a drug to control my mood.

Whether or not one agrees with Shirley’s opinions about psychotherapy, herbal remedies or anti-depressant medications, she does seem to embody the trend that Naisbitt mentions in his book. I do believe that she speaks for a very large number of people who are concerned about the cost of mental health care, interested in natural remedies and eager to take their lives into their own hands as much as possible. St John’s Wort provides a solution to all of these concerns. Relatively inexpensive, highly effective, safe and mild in terms of side-effects, it offers millions of people the opportunity to help themselves.

It is, of course, critical to know when self-care has reached its limit and when to seek the help of an expert. Shirley appears to be able to make this distinction. It is an important caveat for others to bear in mind as well.

*43\75\2*

COPING WITH THE MODERN ENVIRONMENT: CHEMICAL SUSCEPTIBILITY AND IN-OFFICE TREATMENT

Posted by admin on April 28, 2009 in Allergies with No Comments


Lee and Rinkel originally devised the provocative/neutralizing dose for the diagnosis and treatment of food allergies. It still remained necessary to devise such a test for the inoffice diagnosis and treatment of the chemical-susceptibility problem. This test was a by-product of the alcoholism studies which I made, described in Chapter 10. In the course of those studies, a batch of pure, 100-proof synthetic ethyl alcohol was obtained, derived from a petrochemical, ethylene gas. This type of alcohol, although not approved for drinking, is found in various food products, such as lemon and orange extracts. It is not toxic per se.

When given to chemically susceptible individuals, however, it can provoke reactions similar to those they experienced from environmental chemical exposures. The synthetic alcohol was mixed in graded dilutions. Dilution no. 1 was 1:5 mixture of ethyl alcohol and a salt solution; no. 2 was in a proportion of 1:25 (that is, one-fifth as strong as no. 1); and so forth.

If a patient answered at least two questions positively on the Chemical Questionnaire he was tested with a few drops of dilution no. 2, either by injection intradermally or under the tongue. If he answered three to five questions positively, he was tested with dilution no. 3; greater degrees of susceptibility were treated with even weaker dilutions.

In this way, it was possible to test patients for this perplexing chemical-susceptibility problem in the office and to receive fairly reliable results quickly. Before that, a patient had to move out of his house for a while to get such an answer, whereas today the best tests are performed in the hospital. I published, preliminarily, the results of this test in 1964.4

Using this same synthetic ethyl alcohol as a neutralizing dose, it was possible to relieve the symptoms of some patients for a long period of time. The technique was used especially on those who could not avoid chemical exposure, either because of their jobs, the location of their homes, or for other reasons.

One patient, for example, was a domestic maid who had to travel more than five miles by bus every day, five times a week. Each day she would get a headache on the bus, often before she had even reached her destination. She was provided with a small bottle of ethyl alcohol, at the dilution which had previously been found to suit her. By taking a drop of the solution under her tongue, she was able to relieve her headaches.

Another woman lived on the edge of a golf course. Because of continual pesticide spraying, she was chronically ill. After learning to use a neutralizing dose of the synthetic ethyl alcohol, however, she was not only able to tolerate life in her home, but was even able to play golf on the course without suffering any health problems. Because both ethyl alcohol and the pesticides are ultimately derived from the same substances—petrochemicals—a neutralizing dose made of one substance can have an effect in relieving symptoms caused by another such substance.

This is not meant to imply that such drops are a kind of cure-all for the chemical-susceptibility problem. Unfortunately, they are not. Such treatments are not fully protective, because a person’s intake of chemicals varies greatly with time and place.

In addition to synthetic ethyl alcohol, various other chemical extracts now aid in the treatment of chemically susceptible patients. One of the most ingenious is an extract of automobile fumes which Dr. Harris Hosen of Port Arthur, Texas, prepared for the use of clinical ecologists.5 This is sometimes quite effective in detecting and relieving the effects of smog and the fumes of heavy traffic on susceptible patients.

Basically, however, the most effective “treatment” devised for the chemically susceptible patient is still prevention.

It should be reemphasized that patients with advanced environmentally related illness involving food and chemicals are also often sensitive to pollens, molds, dusts, animal danders, insect emanations, and other inhaled particles. Indeed, the course of environmentally related events often starts with localized allergic manifestations on such a basis. But, as Dr. Mandell has emphasized, pollens, molds, etc., may also be related causally to advanced systemic or generalized effects.6 Since skin testing with extracts of these materials is relatively reliable, this possibility should be evaluated by measuring the degree of skin sensitivity as a basis for providing optimal injection therapy.

*94\110\2*

MOUTH DRYNESS

Posted by admin on April 28, 2009 in General health with No Comments


Aging, Sjogren’s Disease (an illness involving dry mouth, dry eyes, and painful joints), certain medications, and radiation treatment over the salivary glands — all result in excessive dryness of the mouth. The mouth-drying effect of certain medicines, understandably, is temporary, but dryness of the mouth due to all of the other causes listed above is permanent. Dryness of the mouth is medically known as xerostomia.

Ordinarily just a nuisance, dryness of the mouth can become dangerous if one has angina pectoris (pain in the chest due to heart disease) and relies upon a tablet of nitroglycerin put under the tongue, where it should quickly dissolve and be absorbed for relief. Also, according to Geriatrics (38#5:16), dryness of the mouth can result in tooth decay if left untreated.

The remedy, of course, is to moisten the mouth by drinking frequently or, better still, by using one of the salivary substitute products, such as Salivart or Xero-Lube, which provide not only water but also certain elements normally present in saliva. Salivary substitute spray products that can be carried in the pocket or in the handbag are now available in most drug stores without prescription.

Now, a correspondent to the New England Journal of Medicine (310:1122) suggests, relief from drug-induced mouth dryness can be even more easily obtained by swallowing tablets of another medication called Bethanechol, which stimulates the salivary flow. A doctor’s prescription is needed for these pills.

*172\143\2*

GUMBOILS IN CHILDREN: SYMPTOMS, HOME CARE, PRECAUTIONS AND TREATMENT

Posted by admin on April 28, 2009 in General health with No Comments


Signs and symptoms

Gumboils can be recognized by their typical appearance. Inflammation or swelling that comes to a point, like a tender pimple, appears where the lip meets the gum at the base of a decayed tooth. The area is sometimes painful. Eventually, the gumboil discharges yellow pus. Usually the associated tooth is obviously injured (fractured or discolored) or has an untreated or recently filled cavity. The tooth may be tender when tapped or may be slightly loose. A gumboil is not usually accompanied by fever.

A gumboil may be confused with a canker sore. However, a canker sore is ulcerated (dug out); it does not protrude like a gumboil.

Home care

Give aspirin or paracetamol for pain. Warm soaks or warm salt water rinses will help the inflammation and promote drainage of the boil. (Use one-half teaspoon of table salt in one-half glass of warm water.) If the associated tooth is about to fall out naturally, a gumboil can be left untreated. The loss of the tooth will allow the pus to drain and the gumboil to heal.

Precautions

• If a young child has a gumboil, consult the dentist.

• Some dentists feel that a gumboil on a baby tooth endangers the permanent tooth that has not yet emerged.

• Premature loss of first-year or second-year molars (or permanent six-year molars) can cause later problems in spacing and positioning of the permanent teeth.

Medical treatment

Your dentist will decide whether to leave the tooth in, pull it, replace it with a space retainer, or save the tooth by performing root-canal work. It’s seldom necessary to give the child antibiotics, or to open and drain the gumboil.

*89/84/5*

OXIDIZED FATTY ACIDS AND CHOLESTEROL

Posted by admin on April 23, 2009 in Uncategorized with No Comments


Many researchers believe that cholesterol itself does not cause heart disease, but rather oxidized cholesterol is to blame. Fats become oxidized when they are exposed to light, oxygen or heat. Because of our typical processed food diets, most people ingest a great deal of oxidized fats.

When unsaturated fatty acids (mostly found in vegetable oil) are refined and processed in their manufacture, much of these fats become oxidized. If we eat food that has been fried or deep fried in these fats, we are consuming a great deal of toxic oxidation products formed in these oils. The intense heat used for frying creates compounds including peroxides, hydroperoxides, ozonides, polymers and hydroperoxyaldehydes. These dangerous compounds inflame and irritate your artery walls, damage cell membranes and impair your immune function. They also have the ability to irritate your liver cells and start the development of fatty liver disease. Whenever you eat food that has been fried in vegetable oil, you will be taking in toxic compounds that create a lot of free radical damage in your body. Extra virgin olive oil and virgin coconut fat are exceptions to this rule.

Oxidized cholesterol is found in foods like processed deli meats, foods containing powdered eggs and powdered milk, and egg yolks if the eggs have been cooked in a way that the yolk is broken and heated to high temperatures, for example frying. Homogenized milk is more likely to contain oxidized cholesterol than un-homogenized milk, because the fat globules are smaller, and thus have a greater surface area. This leaves them more susceptible to damage by light, oxygen and heat.

Fatty acids and cholesterol can be oxidized in our own bodies too. We may eat fresh, unrefined fats, but if our body is lacking antioxidants, these fats can still become damaged. Anything that increases the amount of free radicals in our body makes us more susceptible to fat oxidation; these factors include stress, lack of sleep, exposure to pollution, ultraviolet radiation from the sun and a diet lacking raw vegetables and fruit. If we ingest, or otherwise form oxidized cholesterol in our body, this cholesterol will be incorporated into our lipoproteins; HDL, LDL and others. We know that LDL is the “bad” kind of cholesterol, but when it becomes oxidized it is so much worse. It is believed that oxidized LDL causes much more damaged to artery walls because it is able to stick to the artery walls much more readily. Lecithin helps to protect cholesterol from oxidation; it is found in high amounts in eggs and soy foods.

*35/53/5*

SOLUTIONS TO INFERTILITY: GETTING YOUR TIMING RIGHT

Posted by admin on April 23, 2009 in Women's Health with No Comments


The bottom part of the womb, the cervix, changes quite dramatically during the menstrual cycle according to the hormones being produced. Understanding and recognizing these changes is one of the most important ways you can pinpoint the best time to have intercourse in order to conceive.

The mucus-secreting glands (crypts) which line the cervical canal produce mucus continuously but this fluid undergoes important changes during the menstrual cycle. During the first half of the cycle (the follicular phase), the mucus is thick and sticky. It forms a plug over the cervix, which stops semen entering. It also makes the vagina acid, which can kill off sperm within a few hours.

About three to four days before ovulation, as oestrogen levels increase, the mucus becomes clear and stretchy and the amount increases. Surrounded by this fertile mucus, sperm can live for up to seven days.

So it is possible to have intercourse on a Monday and actually conceive on a Friday! This fertile mucus turns the vaginal fluids alkaline, keeping sperm alive. It also provides nourishment for the sperm, in the form of increased amounts of sugar, amino acids, salt and water.

The other intriguing aspect of this fertile mucus is that it forms ‘swimming lanes’ (or canals) through which the sperm can pass quickly. It also seems to act as a filter, allowing the healthy sperm to travel forward but effectively trapping the abnormal sperm (there are always some abnormal sperm in semen) and blocking their passage. Once ovulation has taken place and progesterone increases, the mucus again becomes thick and sticky (infertile mucus), protecting the cervix from sperm and also from any foreign bodies.

*20/73/5*

DISEASE DOWN UNDER

Posted by admin on April 23, 2009 in General health with No Comments


A young man, they say, will do anything for sex. A middle-age man will do anything for money. An older man will do anything for respect. But all men will do anything for a good bowel movement.

The problem is that a lot can go wrong between digestion and elimination, irritable bowel syndrome being an all-too-common example. IBS, as it’s affectionately called, isn’t life-threatening and doesn’t lead to harder stuff like colorectal cancer. It isn’t inflammatory and doesn’t permanently damage the bowel. In fact, it’s not really a disease but, rather, a “functional disorder.”

The function it disorders is bowel movement. You can have painful constipation with difficult or infrequent bowel movements. Or you can have equally painful diarrhea with a lot of loose stools and urgent desires to reduce the real estate between your irritable bowel and a toilet. Or you can enjoy both versions. Adding to the pleasure are crampy abdominal pain, gassiness, and bloating.

As bad as IBS sounds (and feels), it’s not nearly as serious as inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD. This is a group of disorders that cause inflammation and ulceration in the small and large intestines. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, the two major members of the IBD family, cause symptoms similar to IBS. But they also can offer nasty bonuses – like rectal bleeding, weight loss, fever and anemia.

Doctors aren’t sure what causes IBS or IBD. They do know that unlike IBS, IBD has a genetic element to it; 20 percent of people with Crohn’s disease have a blood relative with some form of inflammatory bowel disease. There’s no cure for either one, though treatment under a doctor’s care can ease the discomfort. So can the following recommendations from the National Institutes of Health.

Assess your food. Milk products, large amounts of alcohol, avocados, and excess fat of any kind can contract your bowel in inconvenient ways. But different folks react to different foods, so the National Institutes of Health recommends that you actually keep a journal of the relationship between what goes in and how it comes out. It’s not exactly the kind of diary material that made Samuel Pepys famous, but it could help you avoid undue distress from IBS.

Don’t overeat. Those seven-course extravaganzas can cause cramping and diarrhea in people with IBS. Try smaller meals more often or just eat smaller portions. And keep the fiber high and the fat low. High-fiber diets mildly distend the colon (the largest section of the bowel, or large intestine), and that helps prevent symptom-starting spasms from developing. You may feel some bloating when you first up the fiber, but that should stop as your body adjusts to the better diet.

Lessen your stress. Another trigger for IBS symptoms is emotional stress, which can also aggravate the symptoms of IBD simply by increasing the number of bowel movements.

*98/36/5*

BULIMIA NERVOSA: A CLOSER LOOK

Posted by admin on April 23, 2009 in Weight Loss with No Comments


Eating binges may occur either spontaneously or as a result of a breakdown in control. Many patients tell me that just tasting a desired food can start an avalanche of eating. One woman said she made a point of memorizing the locations of all the bakeries in her town, so that she could arrange her routes to avoid accidentally smelling fresh-baked doughnuts and pies.

On the other hand, the bulimic may devote a lot of time to planning her binges.

The food consumed during a binge is often high in calories, sweet, and able to be eaten rapidly-even without being chewed!

However, bulimics will eat almost any food-even salad or “health foods”-during a binge. A typical menu for one patient’s binge might be two pounds of peanut M&M’s, a gallon of ice cream, half a chicken, a package of raw Pillsbury chocolate-chip cookie dough, a microwave pizza, a tub of yogurt, and a box of Pop-Tarts. Studies show that the major difference between binge meals and normal meals is often the quantity of food consumed, not the type.

Patients often look on their bulimia as their “dirty little secret.” Most go to great lengths to keep their bingeing and purging hidden. Often this means arranging circumstances so that the patient is alone when she eats.

Other patients know they must conform to their family’s schedules so as not to attract undue attention. They thus eat a normal meal, but may excuse themselves several times during the meal or immediately afterward to go to the bathroom and throw up. If questioned about their behavior, they’ll blame the problem on a “urinary tract infection” or a “stomach virus.” Although I’ve been in practice for a long time, the sheer ingenuity with which bulimics conceal their behavior never ceases to amaze me.

Interestingly, a binge does not necessarily stop when the food disappears-not as long as pizzas or Chinese food can be ordered by phone and grocery stores stay open twenty-four hours a day. Even the feeling of being full won’t do it, a sign some experts believe means that something is wrong with the way the patient’s brain perceives the feeling of fullness. No, the binge might continue to the point of physical pain, when it’s no longer possible to cram in more food. Sometimes the binge stops only when the patient falls asleep. In some cases a family member might enter the room, or a visitor might come to the door, at which point the patient stops eating.

Self-induced vomiting often marks the end of the binge, the return of control. The “punishment” has fit the “crime.” For some bulimics, however, an empty stomach and the relief of abdominal pain mean that they can then turn around and begin all over again.

Surprisingly, vomiting itself can become habitual. Patients believe (wrongly) that because they are throwing up, they aren’t absorbing any calories. Overeating becomes “okay” since it won’t result in weight gain. They also learn the degree to which they can control vomiting. Some patients learn to trigger vomiting simply by applying a little pressure to the abdomen-an act that gets easier over time. For some patients, merely the sensation of having food in their stomachs can trigger intense urges to vomit. Others, however, need a full stomach in order to vomit, and thus need to eat large amounts before they can purge.

In terms of family background, a significant percentage of parents of bulimic children are obese. Obesity in childhood or during the teen years may predispose a girl to develop bulimia. The incidence of depression is also higher among members of families with a bulimic child than in the population as a whole.

An eating binge can be seen as one kind of impulsive behavior. Many bulimics are unable to control other types of impulses as well. A considerable number have a history of stealing. One patient revealed that she sewed pockets inside her coats so she could shoplift food and other items more easily. Sometimes the stealing is motivated by the high cost of eating food in such quantities; sometimes it just reflects the way the patient interacts with her world. Some bulimics engage in promiscuous sexual behavior, having a large number of partners in short-term relationships. The incidence of alcoholism and abuse of illicit drugs is also higher than in non-bulimic populations.

*29/35/5*

GET YOUR BODY MOVING: THIS EARLY BIRD CAUGHT THE POUNDS-OFF PRIZE

Posted by admin on April 23, 2009 in Weight Loss with No Comments


At age 42, LaVonnia “Bonnie” Johnson weighed 225 pounds and wore a size-22 dress. Then she started getting up earlier in the morning—and she lost 65 pounds.

Heavy all her life, Bonnie, of Washington, D.C., put on even more weight after going through a painful divorce. But her life changed in 1993 when she read an inspiring story of a woman who had left a troubled marriage and thrived. That was just what Bonnie needed to hear. “If she could do it, I can, too,” Bonnie thought.

In the beginning, she tried simple workouts—swimming, bicycling, and treadmill walking—at different times of the day, fitting it in whenever possible. And she made some progress, losing 15 pounds within 18 months.

|Then Bonnie changed jobs. Her new work schedule was so erratic that she could exercise only in the early morning. For Bonnie, that turned out to be the turning point.

At 6:00 a.m., Bonnie would arrive at her neighborhood gym and head straight for the treadmill, stairclimber, or stationary bicycle. Before long, she was experimenting with strength training. She was hooked. She couldn’t begin her day without hitting the gym. Within 2 years, she lost 65 pounds and four dress sizes.

Today, at age 49, Bonnie still starts her day with exercise. “Morning exercise has become a way of life for me,” she says. “It’s like drinking water or breathing. I need it to survive.”

WINNING ACTION

When it comes to exercise, be an early bird. Like Bonnie, make exercise the first item on your daily agenda. Starting my day on the treadmill is the only way that I know it fit in my workout. You’ll rev up your metabolism so you burn more calories over the course of the day. As a bonus, you’ll feel more centered, energized, and better able to handle stressful situations.

*83\89\8*

COMING OFF TRANQUILLIZERS: LAURA’S STORY

Posted by admin on April 21, 2009 in Anti Depressants-Sleeping Aid with No Comments


Laura began to suffer from depression when she suspected that her husband was being unfaithful to her. He said she was imagining things and should see a doctor. Her GP agreed she was depressed and sent her to a psychiatrist who, after talking to (and believing) her husband, told her that her problems were due to an unhappy childhood, and that she needed psychotherapy. Laura accepted this, although her doubts about her husband persisted.

Two years later, her sister-in-law told the psychiatrist that Laura’s suspicions about her husband were correct. But by then Laura had been prescribed a range of antidepressants and tranquillizers, had had electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and had become convinced that she was a mentally sick person. Her psychiatrist’s diagnosis was to haunt her for many years. A painful divorce followed and due to the periods which Laura had spent as an inpatient, care and custody of her children was given to her ex-husband.

The next ten years Laura describes as ‘living in a void’. Although she tried to build a new life for herself, and discharged herself from the psychiatrists’ care, she was prescribed the same drugs by her GP. Because of her efforts to give them up, and not understanding her physical dependence on them, she went in and out of withdrawal as her medication was changed or suspended.

Although before her marriage she had never suffered from anxiety, she now complained of phobias, insomnia, stomach discomforts, eye problems and skin rashes. She had little contact with her children and often wondered if her psychiatrist had been right about her. Her medical record read like a disaster, describing her as ‘neurotic’, unable to cope with life, and ‘possibly schizophrenic’. Eventually her prescriptions for Valium and Mogadon were handed to her by her doctor’s receptionist with no review or consultation.

Two years ago, her sister-in-law intervened again and persuaded her that her pills could be the main cause of her present condition and took her to a tranquillizer withdrawal group. She checked with her GP and he said there was no reason why she should continue with the drugs if she did not want to.

Laura was impatient to finish her drugs, and came off them more rapidly than she was advised. Her withdrawal was ‘a nightmare’, but she was also very excited by it because she was experiencing emotions that she had not felt for years. Symptoms that she had experienced over the years worsened, and new ones appeared, but with group support she continued. She became aggressive and hostile. Her restlessness and alternating agoraphobia and claustrophobia increased until she was staying first with one friend and then another, packing her bags every few days to move on again.

Fear of riding in cars (her lack of co-ordination and judgement had relegated her to the passenger seat), nightmares, hallucinations, constant throbbing headaches, heightened perception, and all the time the nagging fear that she was either mad, or the victim of a serious physical illness, made life hell.

As the symptoms eased and the depression lifted, Laura saw that her problems started with her first misdiagnosis. She learned to ‘let go’ of the sadness of the past and have hope about the future. It is a great joy to her that she sees more of her children who now see her as a ‘real’ person, and are impressed that she has a full-time job.

Her image of herself as a sick person has gone.

During the years that Laura was dependent on the benzodiazepines she had investigations for suspected ulcer, heart disease, skin rashes, dry eye problems, and arthritis. None of the tests proved positive and since she has come through withdrawal all the symptoms have gone.

She now looks forward to being a grandmother, has found that her old interest in photography is still there, and has joined her local historical society.

*73\49\8*

COMING OFF TRANQUILLIZER: HOW TO SIT

Posted by admin on April 21, 2009 in Anti Depressants-Sleeping Aid with No Comments


If you lower your gaze your head will assume a better position. Sit with the spine straight but not rigid. Imagine you have heavy weights in your hands, and let them droop towards the floor. This will bring your shoulders down. Now place your hands, palms upwards, on your lap.

Shake each leg in turn then place feet (without shoes) on the floor. Imagine you are wearing heavy boots.

It is a good plan to start all group meetings in this position, even if you are in easy chairs. It may take some persuasion. People often feel vulnerable in this position and ‘protect’ themselves by tightening the shoulders, crossing the arms over the chest and crossing the legs, the moment they say anything involving feelings, e.g. ‘My wife does not understand panic attacks’, or ‘I saw my psychiatrist yesterday’.

Try to be aware of how you are holding yourself whatever you are doing. It is possible to iron without fiercely gripping the iron, to drive without grappling with the steering wheel. Dishes still get washed if you don’t press your knees back and tense your neck.

Even confrontation is possible without tightening up. You will feel much more in control facing an angry boss if you are aware of your muscles and breathing. An afternoon spent entertaining a tiresome relative will affect you much less if you make a conscious effort to relax.

*57\49\8*

WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS: HALLUCINATIONS

Posted by admin on April 21, 2009 in Anti Depressants-Sleeping Aid with No Comments


If you are cutting down slowly, these should not trouble you. Some people prefer a more rapid withdrawal and are prepared to tolerate these symptoms when they understand why they are happening, and that they are not an indication that they are going mad. The looming faces so often seen are really an exaggeration of what normally happens just as we are about to drop off to sleep, although we are rarely aware of it, just as in alcohol withdrawal, spiders, reptiles, devils, etc. have been ‘seen’. One woman ‘saw’ her father (who was three hundred miles away) so clearly that she made him a cup of coffee. She slowed down her withdrawal and had no further hallucinations. Hearing music, telephone ringing, and voices is often reported, but these too disappear as withdrawal is slowed down.

*41\49\8*

WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS: PANIC ATTACKS CAN ARISE FROM SIMPLY NOT BREATHING CORRECTLY

Posted by admin on April 21, 2009 in Anti Depressants-Sleeping Aid with No Comments


The following article shows that severe symptoms including panic attacks can arise from simply not breathing correctly.

‘Hyperventilation [shallow breathing] as a Cause of Panic Attacks’, Dr Hibbert, British Medical Journal, Vol. 288, 28.1.84.

The syndrome [collection of symptoms] characterized by repeated panic attacks has been known by several names, including muscular exhaustion of the heart, neurasthenia (nervous exhaustion), irritable heart, anxiety neurosis, effort syndrome, and cardiac neurosis. The manual’s definition of panic disorder states that attacks are manifested by the sudden onset of intense apprehension, fear, or terror, often associated with feelings of impending doom. The most common symptoms experienced during an attack are dyspnoea (difficult breathing), palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, choking or smothering sensations, dizziness, vertigo, or unsteady feelings, feelings of unreality, paraesthesias (disordered sensation such as tingling and pins and needles) hot and cold flushes, sweating, faintness, trembling or shaking and fear of dying, going crazy or doing something uncontrolled during the attack. Attacks usually last minutes; more rarely hours.

Remember it is essential to breathe slowly if you feel a panic attack coming on.

*20\49\8*

FALSE FOOD ALLERGY

Posted by admin on April 20, 2009 in Allergies with No Comments


False food allergy, as used in this book, means unusual reactions to food that are caused by the foods triggering mast cells directly. In other words, these reactions involve mast cells but they do not depend on IgE antibodies being formed to the food in question. Because the reaction is produced by mast cells releasing mediators, the symptoms are indistinguishable from true IgE-mediated food allergy.

When food bites back

Food is not necessarily the nice, passive, innocuous stuff that we have traditionally believed it to be: neither plants nor animals want to be eaten, and they have ways of fighting back. In plants, particularly, there are many chemical weapons to deter would-be diners, and some of these chemicals persist, even in modern crop plants. That we are not made ill by them more often is a tribute to our own abilities in breaking down such chemicals – abilities that have been acquired in the course of evolution.

One particularly cunning type of chemical weapon turns the body’s most potent defence force on itself: it fools the mast cells into degranulating. There are dozens of different substances found in food that can perform this trick. Some bind to IgE molecules, effectively bridging two adjacent molecules, in much the same way as an antigen might bridge them. Others bind to the receptors on the mast cell that normally attach themselves to IgE, thus bridging the receptors. Because bridging of the IgEs (and thus bridging the receptors) is the signal for the mast cell to degranulate, both types of substance cause the release of damaging mediators such as histamine. Other substances may produce the same effect simply by binding to the mast cell membrane and

changing its structure so that it becomes more permeable.

One group of compounds that can have this effect on mast cells are the lectins. They are produced in particularly high concentrations by peanuts, beans, peas and lentils, all of which are members of the legume family of plants. Lectins are also found in edible snails, and in wheat, where they may be responsible for producing coeliac disease.

*90\180\8*

POLLEN – MENTAL STRAIN

Posted by admin on April 9, 2009 in Herbal with No Comments


Those who do taxing mental work find bee pollen to be an extremely simple and natural energy food. With its help they are able to stand up to the intensity of their work for longer and feel less tired. In today’s hustle and bustle of everyday life pollen is a welcome food supplement, providing the help needed when great demands are made on one’s mental capacity.

Not all the active substances of pollen have yet been discovered, but those that have been isolated, as experience has shown, are cause enough to recommend this natural product to everyone who lives a modern life.

Bee pollen, being very rich in vitamins and containing almost all known minerals and trace elements, has become a popular energy booster. Since nature provides us with this wonderful tonic food, we should prefer it to artificial or chemical products every time.

*897/28/1*

VARIOUS DIETS AND TREATMENTS – PAPAIN – ITS ORIGIN AND USES (PROTEIN)

Posted by admin on April 9, 2009 in Herbal with No Comments


In the lush woodlands of Florida there are found not only thousands of cabbage palms and many other tropical plants, but also a great number of wild papayas. The Indians living there have always enjoyed the juicy fruit because it is delicious and healthy. They also made use of the plant in cooking. Since time immemorial those primitive tribes have known that papaya leaves, stems and fruit contain a substance that breaks down protein. So, whenever the hunters happened to kill an old animal the cook would wrap the tough meat in papaya leaves and leave it overnight. On the following day it would be tender enough to be roasted over a fire. The substance which tenderises meat, called papain, causes a kind of predigestion process, one might say.

*861/28/1*

VARIOUS DIETS AND TREATMENTS – THE ORIGIN OF WATER’S THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS (MINERALS)

Posted by admin on April 9, 2009 in Herbal with No Comments


You have to be even more careful with drinking water. There are some wonderful mineral waters available, but some water also contains poisonous minerals, some of which I came across in North, Central and South America. It can happen that a stream may come from a mineral spring in which is dissolved arsenic, copper or other heavy minerals that make the water poisonous and dangerous to drink. For this reason it is not possible to drink water from just any spring or source as one is able to do, for example, in Switzerland. It is often possible to recognise such dangerous springs by the discoloration of the rocks and stones, which turn yellow, greenish or other colours. Sometimes crystals can be found in the riverbed which taste sharp and burn the tongue.

The same rule applies to water for internal or external use as applies to plants: many plants are curative whereas others are harmful or can only be taken in a diluted form. It is true that nature has much to offer that is beneficial, but we must also keep our eyes open and make sure that we use only the things that are truly good for our health. There is no point in being careless and ignorant and so causing ourselves harm. Remember, always make sure to use only the things that are helpful and safe.

*825/28/1*

TERRA SILICEA PURIFICATA (SILICA) – CONCLUSION

Posted by admin on April 9, 2009 in Herbal with No Comments


People who always feel cold and shivery, even when they are active, might try taking silica. After several weeks it will improve the basal metabolism, and their vitality and joy of living will gradually return.

Hard lumps in the breast, perhaps even malignant ones, will benefit from the continued use of silica. Wounds that refuse to heal will improve if it is sprinkled over their surfaces. This external method of treatment has proved its value for leg ulcers {Silicea for external use, Hypericum perforatum and Aesculaforce to be taken internally). Apart from its medicinal value, if silica is taken over a long period of time, it will improve the condition of the hair and promote a clear complexion.

Silicea is sometimes prescribed in the 6x potency, but usually it is 12x. Some physicians use 30x with good results. Take two tablets two or three times daily.

If you wish to use Silicea as a powder, simply crush the tablets.

*787/28/1*

WILD FRUITS AND BERRIES – BARBERRY (BERBERIS VULGARIS) (INTRODUCTION)

Posted by admin on April 9, 2009 in Herbal with No Comments


Roaming through the valleys of the Swiss cantons of Valais and Graubuenden, bright with the autumn sun and a riot of colours, the happy wanderer will find not only hedgerow after hedgerow of wild rose hips, but also many bushes replete with sprays of barberries. Of course, barberries grow in other areas too, but wherever they are, most people go past the wild fruits without realising that they have wonderful healing powers. The clusters of these red oblong berries are a delight to the eye and, together with autumn flowers and leaves, make a beautiful bouquet. Still, few people are aware that these berries can be eaten and are, in fact, one of the best nerve tonics available. No other wild berries are as rich in vitamin Ñ and many people suffering from ‘nerves’ could, on their walks in the country, benefit enormously by picking some and chewing them slowly before swallowing them. A general checkup of the population would no doubt prove that many people nowadays need such a tonic.

*749/28/1*

THE MAN AND THE METHOD – CONCLUSION 2

Posted by admin on April 7, 2009 in Men's Health-Erectile Dysfunction with No Comments


Finally, what of the end of his fertile period? Old father time is an archetype of the past, present and future. Men can father children in their 70s and it is less natural to cut off a man’s fertility than a woman’s, that will in any case fail. Post-vasectomy counselling is not as widely available as it should be and regrets can linger.

As a last insight, one man spoke about withdrawal, describing it as ‘Terrible, doctor.’ Then he thought a moment, and added, ‘Actually that is not quite true because we used it while I waited for the results of the specimens after vasectomy. That was really our last excitement.’ Excitement and terror are closely linked. Excitement is easy to admit. Terror less so, but what was shared here was a tinge of sadness for his lost reproductive powers.

*159/197/1*

THE COUPLE – INSTANCE

Posted by admin on April 7, 2009 in Men's Health-Erectile Dysfunction with No Comments


Mr and Mrs E., a wealthy Indian couple, had been trying to achieve a pregnancy since their arranged marriage two years previously. Mrs E. was frightened and withdrawn at her first visit to the infertility clinic at the hospital, but seemed to be somewhat relieved to find a female doctor present. Mr E. gave the history and spoke for her. They adhered to all the investigations and treatment regimes with precision. She was diagnosed as having polycystic ovarian disease, and underwent a year of gonadotrophin therapy to induce cycles of ovulation, but she still did not become pregnant. Only on one occasion did the doctor manage to examine Mrs E. on her own. She hinted at her despair about her failure to conceive, and at the lack of fun with sex, but her allegiance to her upbringing and to her husband prevented her from letting go of any of her own feelings.

Several times on visits to the hospital, tears would appear but they would be stifled by her husband’s words, ‘Don’t worry, she will be all right soon.’ They were both sad when it was agreed that treatment should stop, but the doctor was again told not to worry as they would be fine. The only treatment left to them was to consider in vitro fertilization, where the fertilizing power of the sperm could be studied as well as ovulation. This idea must have posed difficulties for Mr E. but he could not share them with any member of the clinic staff.

Several months elapsed before Mr E. telephoned to say that they would like a private referral to be admitted on to the assisted conception programme at a nearby centre: he asked for it to be done immediately because he had got his wife in the mood for it now. An offer to come and discuss it again was firmly but politely refused.

*122/197/1*

AMBIVALENCE ABOUT PREGNANCY – WOMAN CONFLICT

Posted by admin on April 7, 2009 in Men's Health-Erectile Dysfunction with No Comments


Sometimes the ambivalence can be due to a conflict between what the woman wants and what she ought to do. She may be subject to the pressure of others and fear criticism. She may use the abortion clinic for permission to continue with the pregnancy.

Miss D. was 25 and lived with her boyfriend. She had become pregnant for the second time, having had an abortion at 19. The doctor asked, ‘You want an abortion?’ She said, ‘No, I don’t really.’ She went on to reel off a list of reasons, many of them financial, as to why she could not have a baby. The doctor pointed out that she had given some very reasonable reasons for requesting abortion but had not said anything about her own feelings. She continued in the same vein. Recognizing her defences, the doctor tried safer ground and asked how she felt about her previous abortion. She had felt awful afterwards, as she had wanted the baby but could not have it. She was only 19 then. And now? She felt she was the right age but she and her boyfriend were in debt and lived in one room. The doctor said it must be sad to have an abortion when you really want a baby. At this point she burst into tears. She agreed she wanted this baby but felt she could not have it in her present circumstances. She wanted more time to think. She came back a few days later. She had talked to her boyfriend who was delighted at the thought of having a baby, and her parents were going to help out with the money problems.

*85/197/1*

STERILIZATION – THE FINAL SOLUTION – INTRODUCTION

Posted by admin on April 7, 2009 in Men's Health-Erectile Dysfunction with No Comments


Sterilization is only for those who are sure that they want no more children. This is the ultimate in medical interference. An operation, sometimes under general anaesthetic, involving deliberate damage to the internal or external genitalia. From this, there is no going back, and all patients are counselled that reversal operations rarely succeed. Some pain and discomfort is to be expected, and even laparoscopic techniques carry a risk of future gynaecological problems. The first decision each couple have to make is, which one for the ‘chop’? Even with the most loving, sexually compatible and stable couple, this can be a difficult decision. There is an element of self-sacrifice here, which may be denied, but is present, nevertheless. One will be damaged, deprived of the ability to make a child, and one will not. One will have to come to terms with this personal loss, which is very different to the couple accepting that there will be no more children in this unit. It is common for the after-effects of sterilization to resemble grief, muted and unconscious though this might be. Grief for the damage, for the ending of fertility, for the children who might have been, but now never will be. The aim of sterilization counselling is to help the couple understand these feelings, and to filter out those for whom the decision is pressurized, or ill understood.

*48/197/1*

PRESSURES ON THE DOCTOR – MEDICAL METHODS OF CONTRACEPTION

Posted by admin on April 7, 2009 in Allergies with No Comments


It is perhaps inevitable that the doctor identifies or becomes identified with the medical methods of contraception so that when they me rejected he or she feels rejected too. This can lead to a feeling of uselessness and inadequacy with a sense that there is nothing to offer the patient. In this situation there is a risk of a retaliatory response, either dismissing the patient or attempting to impose a method against her wishes. In that case contraceptive pills are likely to be lost, intrauterine devices pulled out or the patient fails to return.

In these days of clinical audit, when successful contraceptive practice is measured against a fall in the number of terminations, the doctor may feel that all unintended pregnancies must be stopped. Acceptance that not all such pregnancies can be prevented nor every child a wanted one is something the doctor will need to come to terms with. Helping a woman to delay her next child by a few months may be a major achievement, especially if she is struggling with serious internal conflicts or a chaotic lifestyle. Taking time to create a relationship of trust and understanding, rather than one of nonproductive authoritarianism, may well pay dividends in the long run, and the doctor should not feel too much of a failure if there are some contraceptive mishaps along the way.

*11/197/1*

ALLERGY\MEDICAL HELP: VACCINATION AND ANAESTHETICS

Posted by admin on April 2, 2009 in Allergies with No Comments


Vaccination

Some people react to the sera on which immunising vaccines are cultivated. These have been greatly purified and refined, and adverse reactions are rare, but it is worth asking your doctor what the base of any vaccine is before it is given. Horse serum and eggs are sometimes used, for instance, and might affect you if you are sensitive to these. For advice on babies and immunization.

Anaesthetics

It is known for people to have adverse reactions to anaesthetics more commonly to general anaesthetics than to local anaesthetics. A surgeon or anaesthesist will usually check with you before any procedure whether you have any history of allergy or sensitivity, but make sure they know if you have such a history. Local anaesthetics are less hazardous – opt for a local, rather than general, anaesthetic if a choice is offered. If you have already had an adverse reaction, you can be tested in advance of any operation to see what chemical you react to, and a more appropriate mix of drugs chosen for you. Your GP can contact the National Adverse Reaction Consultancy Service (NARCOS) which is a specialist advisory service.

*421\117\8*

WATER TREATMENTS METHODS\ACTIVATED CARBON FILTERS: TAP AC FILTERS AND JUG FILTERS

Posted by admin on April 2, 2009 in Allergies with No Comments


Tap AC Filters

AC filters are available which fit on the end of a tap, or which are simple to plumb in to the sink top tap inlet pipe. They provide water on tap, at normal flow-rates. They are cheap, more convenient often than jug filters, and avoid any of the need to be careful about bacterial hygiene that jug filters involve. They are portable and can be taken with you if you go out or away. They cost between £11 and £90. Filters needs replacing every one to four months and cost between £8 and £19. They can be cheaper to run than jug filters. The quality of water is comparable to jug filters, and less pure generally than plumbed-in undersink AC or KDF filters.

Jug Filters

Jug filters cost between £10 and £20. A plastic container holding an activated carbon filter cartridge sits on a glass or plastic jug. You pour water through the tap container and it collects in the jug below.

Jug filters reduce the level of chemicals and metals in tapwater. They do not remove them completely, but people using them say that they do make a real difference.

You need to change the filter cartridge frequently – every 60-110 litres (13-24 gallons), or every month or so. If you live in a hard-water area, it will last less long than if you live in a soft-water area. Some jugs have a change-filter indicator to remind you when to change. The replacement cartridges cost between £2.50 and £3.50 (at 1992 prices). This can mean an annual running cost of £30-40, which is much cheaper than buying bottled water.

You need to take care not to allow bacteria to grow in the jug. Jugs and reservoirs are best cleaned weekly; filtered water should be kept in a fridge (best decanted into a bottle to save space). If water has stood in a jug for some time, it should not be used or it should be boiled before use.

The advantages of jug filters are their low initial cost and their flexibility – you can take them with you to work or if you visit or travel. You can buy filter systems with glass jugs if you are sensitive to plastic, and some filters will reduce nitrates significantly, although, again, not completely.

*405\117\8*

ALLERGY: VACUUM CLEANERS

Posted by admin on April 2, 2009 in Allergies with No Comments


For people who are allergic to inhaled particles which collect in dust -such as house dust mites, moulds, animal and pet debris, or fibres such as cotton or wool – using a filtration vacuum cleaner can make an enormous difference. For more information on detecting and avoiding allergens.

Conventional vacuum cleaners, even the most efficient, blow a share of dust and particles back into the room. Tests have shown that they actually increase the level of airborne particles in a room which explains why so many people with allergies feel worse during and after vacuuming.

Filtration vacuum cleaners, often called ‘allergy vacuum cleaners’, use a special filter which takes out virtually all particles of major allergens. Tests by Which?, by Good Housekeeping and other independent bodies, have shown that the two market leaders, Medivac and Nilfisk, both filter out over 99.9 per cent of particles down to 0.3 micron (three-hundredths of a millimetre) in diameter. So virtually no dust is blown around while using the machine, and allergens can be removed from sites where they have collected, such as beds, carpets, curtains or furniture, without dispersing them into the air.

These cleaners are expensive compared to other vacuum cleaners (see below) but people who use them say they would not be without them. Not only do they make cleaning possible in the environment of the highly sensitive with minimum dispersal of dust, but they reduce progressively the level of old or dead allergens collected in furniture, furnishings and bedding.

Most people who have such a machine report that their effect accumulates as time goes on and that they clear out the environment progressively. More than any other product designed to help people with allergies, these cleaners receive shining endorsement from their users. If you can possibly find the money, they are one item really worth buying.

There are two market leaders whose performance is measurably superior to other makes – Medivac and Nilfisk. There are some differences between them, notably price, the Medivac being more expensive (at over £300 at 1992 prices) than the Nilfisk (around £270). They are both canister models on wheels. The Nilfisk is lighter than the

Medivac, but it is made of plastic rather than metal, and if you are sensitive to plastics, the Medivac is preferable. Medivac and Nilfisk both provide efficient service and spares backup.

At the time of writing, Medivac is introducing a new lightweight model at a considerably reduced price. It has similar filters and performance characteristics to the original model, according to the manufacturer, but is not made of stainless steel. It is called the Medivac Lighterweight cleaner. We have no user reports to date, but if Medivac’s claims are correct, it should be the most competitive filter cleaner available for people who do not have to have a metal version.

*390\117\8*

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